A pediatrician specializes in providing medical care to younger patients (from birth until they reach adulthood), which can be all the way until their 21st birthday, but at the very least, up to their late teens. It is the duty of a pediatrician to not only diagnose and treat the ailments that generally affect infants, babies, children, adolescents and young adults, but to also assist their young patients in maintaining good health.Pediatricians are primarily trained to:Diagnose and treat illnesses typically associated with children, as well as address the special medical needs of younger patients, such as genetic defects, malignancies, childhood infections, and injury.Assess the proper treatment approaches that cater to the specific age of a patient.Perform annual checkups, routine examinations, and immunizations.Determine whether a child is experiencing normal growth and development.Order appropriate tests, prescribe medications, and perform medical procedures.Provide medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill.Work towards reducing infant and child mortality.While physical well-being plays a significant part in the role of a pediatrician, some of the preventive health maintenance and counseling they provide children may include issues related to diet, exercise, and hygiene. A pediatrician is also involved with the early detection and management of other issues that can affect the growth, development and safety of a child, such as behavioral difficulties, social stresses, developmental disorders, difficulties with basic functions, as well as anxiety disorders and depression.In a nutshell, pediatrics is a specialty of medicine that is chiefly concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of children. There are also many sub-specialties that a pediatrician may pursue to provide care to patients with more specific issues.For example, pediatric allergists treat and oversee the care of children with immune system issues, asthma, and experiencing allergic reactions to food, medicine, and their environment.Other examples include:Pediatric anesthesiologists assist in the management of infants and children undergoing surgery.A pediatric developmentalist treats infants and children with medical issues that affect their development, such as muscular dystrophy, physical deformities, and ADHD.Pediatric cardiologists are trained to perform echocardiograms on children with heart issues.There are dermatologists who specialize in primarily treating pediatric skin issues.Pediatric urologists receive extra training on how to perform genital and urinary tract surgery on infants and children.

Job Prospect


Work Environment

Pediatrician work in Hospital/Clinic and anyone interested in this Profession must be very patient and like kids

General and Personal Skills Required

Average Salary

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Recommended Level of Education


Professional Skills / Tools Required

Associated Disciplines

Medicine & Suggery