Epidemiologists investigate, analyze, and track local, national, or international surges in disease. They're often associated with studying contagious diseases, though they're also involved with other public health issues including chronic disease, maternal health, and substance abuse. Epidemiologists conduct surveys and analyze body fluids to patterns or outbreaks, and then they strive to control the spread of disease and prevent future occurrences through public health programs involving education, treatment, and behavioral modification. Most epidemiologists have a master's degree in epidemiology or public health. Those who conduct research for universities or have senior-level jobs often need a Doctor of Philosophy (

Job Prospect

Very high

Work Environment

Field work may require interaction with sick patients, yet safety precautions ensure that the likelihood of exposure to disease is minimal. Epidemiologists typically work in offices and laboratories at health departments for state and local governments, in hospitals, and at colleges and universities

General and Personal Skills Required

Average Salary

Cost of Training

Recommended Level of Education


Professional Skills / Tools Required

Associated Disciplines

Public Health, Epidemology, Integrated Science